Chesdata
 

Datasets on party positions across Europe

 
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1999-2014 Chapel Hill Expert Survey (CHES) trend file

description

The Chapel Hill expert surveys estimate party positioning on European integration, ideology and policy issues for national parties in a variety of European countries. The first survey was conducted in 1999, with subsequent waves in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014. The number of countries increased from 14 Western European countries in 1999 to 24 current or prospective EU members in 2006 to 31 countries in 2014. In this time, the number of national parties grew from 143 to 268. The 2014 survey includes all EU member states, plus parties in Norway, Switzerland, and Turkey. Separate surveys were conducted in the Balkan candidate countries. Questions on parties' general position on European integration, several EU policies, general left/right, economic left/right, and social left/right are common to all surveys. More recent surveys also contain questions on non-EU policy issues, such as immigration, redistribution, decentralization, and environmental policy.

datasets

how to cite

When using the 1999-2014 trend file, cite the following: 

Polk, Jonathan, Jan Rovny, Ryan Bakker, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Jelle Koedam, Filip Kostelka, Gary Marks, Gijs Schumacher, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova and Marko Zilovic. 2017. "Explaining the salience of anti-elitism and reducing political corruption for political parties in Europe with the 2014 Chapel Hill Expert Survey data,Research & Politics (January-March): 1-9. 
and
Ryan Bakker, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, and Milada Vachudova. 2015."Measuring party positions in Europe: The Chapel Hill expert survey trend file, 1999-2010." Party Politics 21.1: 143-152.

 
 

2014 Chapel Hill expert survey

description

Administered in the fall of 2014 to 337 political scientists specializing in political parties and European integration, the 2014 CHES provides information about the positioning of 268 parties on political ideology, European integration, and various policy areas. The survey covers political parties in 31 countries, including all European Union member states, plus Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. The 2014 survey has been combined with prior waves to produce a trend file with five time points from 1999 to 2014, making the CHES the longest-running, most extensive expert survey on political parties in Europe.

 

datasets

team

Ryan Bakker, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Jelle Koedam, Filip Kostelka, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Gijs Schumacher, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova, and Marko Zilovic.

how to cite

When using 2014 expert survey, cite the following:

Polk, Jonathan, Jan Rovny, Ryan Bakker, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Jelle Koedam, Filip Kostelka, Gary Marks, Gijs Schumacher, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova and Marko Zilovic. 2017. "Explaining the salience of anti-elitism and reducing political corruption for political parties in Europe with the 2014 Chapel Hill Expert Survey data," Research & Politics (January-March): 1-9.

 
 

2014 CHES candidate survey

description

This dataset provides the data for the 2014 Chapel Hill Expert Survey of EU candidate countries and Ukraine. It provides the positioning of 62 political parties on political ideology, European inte- gration, and policy positions in 7 countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Ukraine. The survey was administered in 2014 and 2015 to 125 experts specializing in political parties and European integration in one of the countries considered.

 

datasets

team

Ryan Bakker, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Jelle Koedam, Filip Kostelka, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Gijs Schumacher, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova, and Marko Zilovic.

how to cite

When using the 2014 candidate survey, cite the following: 

Polk, Jonathan, Jan Rovny, Ryan Bakker, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Jelle Koedam, Filip Kostelka, Gary Marks, Gijs Schumacher, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova and Marko Zilovic. 2017. "Explaining the salience of anti-elitism and reducing political corruption for political parties in Europe with the 2014 Chapel Hill Expert Survey data," Research & Politics (January-March): 1-9. 

 
 

2010 CHES expert survey

description

The 2010 CHES collects policy and ideological stances of the leadership of national political parties for all member states of the European Union (EU) other than Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta. The 2010 wave also encompasses two non-EU European countries, Norway and Switzerland, as well as recent EU member Croatia and long-time candidate Turkey. The 2010 survey was conducted in the spring of 2011 and covers 237 national parties in these 28 countries.

 

datasets

team

Ryan Bakker, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova

how to cite

When using the 2010 expert survey file, cite the following: 

Ryan Bakker, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova (2015), "Measuring Party Positions in Europe: The Chapel Hill Expert Survey Trend File, 1999-2010," Party Politics, 21.1: 143-152.
 

 
 

2007 Candidate countries survey

description

The 2007 candidate survey was conducted in the summer of 2007. The survey replicates key questions from the 2006 expert survey in five candidate states: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey. 

datasets

team

Ryan Bakker, Anna Brigevich, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Gary Marks, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen and Milada Vachudova 

how to cite

When using the 2007 candidate survey file, cite the following: 

Liesbet Hooghe, Ryan Bakker, Anna Brigevich, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Gary Marks, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen (2010), "Reliability and Validity of Measuring Party Positions: The Chapel Hill Expert Surveys of 2002 and 2006", European Journal of Political Research, 49: 684-703.
 

 
 

2006 Chapel Hill expert survey

description

The 2006 survey was conducted in the summer of 2007 and covers 227 national political parties in 29 countries. The survey replicates questions from the Ray and the 1999 Chapel Hill datasets on European integration, issue salience and internal party dissent; replicates questions from the 1999 CHES dataset on five EU policies: cohesion policy, internal market, foreign and security policy, powers of the European parliament and enlargement; adds questions on party positioning and salience for 13 non-EU policy dimensions surveyed by Benoit & Laver (2006); and extends country coverage beyond the 14 larger Western EU members in the Ray and Chapel Hill 1999 datasets to post-communist countries (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia, and Estonia.)

 

datasets

team

Ryan Bakker, Anna Brigevich, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Gary Marks, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, and Milada Vachudova

how to cite

When using the 2006 expert survey file, cite the following: 

Liesbet Hooghe, Ryan Bakker, Anna Brigevich, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Gary Marks, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen (2010), "Reliability and Validity of Measuring Party Positions: The Chapel Hill Expert Surveys of 2002 and 2006", European Journal of Political Research, 49: 684-703.
 

 
 

2002 Chapel Hill expert survey

description

The 2002 survey was conducted in spring 2003 and covers 171 national parties in 23 countries. The survey replicates questions from the Ray and the 1999 Chapel Hill datasets on European integration, issue salience and internal party dissent; replicates questions from the 1999 CHES dataset on five EU policies: cohesion policy, internal market, foreign and security policy, powers of the European parliament and enlargement;  and extends country coverage beyond the 14 larger Western EU members in the Ray and Chapel Hill 1999 datasets to nine post-communist countries (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia).

 

datasets

team

Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Gary Marks, Moira Nelson, David Scott, Marco Steenbergen and Milada Vachudova

how to cite

When using the 2002 expert survey file, cite the following: 

Liesbet Hooghe, Ryan Bakker, Anna Brigevich, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Gary Marks, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen (2010), "Reliability and Validity of Measuring Party Positions: The Chapel Hill Expert Surveys of 2002 and 2006", European Journal of Political Research, 49: 684-703.
 

 
 

1999 Chapel Hill expert survey

description

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datasets

team

Liesbet Hooghe, Gary Marks, David Scott, Marco Steenbergen, and Carole Wilson

how to cite

When using the 1999 expert survey file, cite the following: 

Marco Steenbergen and Gary Marks (2007). "Evaluating Expert Judgments," European Journal of Political Research, 46.3: 347-366.

 
 

1999-2010 Chapel Hill Expert Survey (CHES) trend file

description

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datasets

team

 Ryan Bakker, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Jelle Koedam, Filip Kostelka, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Gijs Schumacher, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova, and Marko Zilovic.

 how to cite

When using the 1999-2010 expert survey file, cite the following: 
Ryan Bakker, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova (2015), "Measuring Party Positions in Europe: The Chapel Hill Expert Survey Trend File, 1999-2010," Party Politics, 21.1: 143-152.
 

 
 

Ray-Marks-Steenbergen survey

description

An earlier survey was conducted by Leonard Ray for 1984, 1988, 1992, and 1996. The combined Ray-Marks-Steenbergen dataset merges the 1999 Chapel Hill survey with the Ray dataset. The original variable names and party ids in the Ray data are relabeled to make them consistent with the Chapel Hill survey. Researchers can combine this dataset with the 2002, 2006, and 2010 data. The original Ray dataset is available on Ray's website.

 

datasets

team

Leonard Ray, Gary Marks, Marco Steenbergen

how to cite

When using the combined Ray-Marks-Steenbergen dataset, cite the following: 

 
 
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